10.1. Nobel Laureates, directly or indirectly, through Crystallography 
If you do not see a menu on the left, please, use this link.
Go to the Introduction

Crystallography has been (and still remains) one of the most multidisciplinary sciences that links together frontier areas of research and has, directly or indirectly, produced the largest number of Nobel Laureates throughout history, up to now 29 Prizes for 48 Laureates...

# Year Field Prize winners Awarded for:
29 2013 Chemistry M. Karplus, M. Levitt, A. Warshel For the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
28 2012 Chemistry R.J. Lefkowitz, B.K. Kobilka Structure and function of G-protein-coupled receptors
27 2011 Chemistry D. Shechtman Discovery of quasicrystals
26 2010 Physics A. Geim and K. Novoselov Groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene
25 2009 Chemistry V. Ramakrishnan, T.A. Steitz, Ada E. Yonath Studies of the structure and function of the ribosome
24 2006 Chemistry R. Kornberg Studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription
23 2003 Chemistry R. MacKinnon Discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes
22 1997 Chemistry P.D. Boyer, J.E. Walker, J.C. Skou Elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+-ATPase
21 1996 Chemistry R. Curl, H. Kroto, R. Smalley Discovery of fullerenes
20 1994 Physics C. Shull, N. Brockhouse Pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter
19 1992 Physics G.  Charpak Invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber
18 1991 Physics P-G de Gennes Discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers
17 1988 Chemistry J. Deisenhofer, R. Huber, H. Michel The determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre
16 1985 Chemistry H. Hauptman, J. Karle Outstanding achievements in the development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures
15 1982 Chemistry A. Klug Development of crystallographic electron microscopy and structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes
14 1976 Chemistry W.N. Lipscomb Studies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding
13 1972 Chemistry C.B. Anfinsen Work on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation
12 1964 Chemistry D. Hodgkin Determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances
11 1962 Chemistry J.C. Kendrew, M. Perutz Studies of the structures of globular proteins
10 1962 Physiology or Medicine F. Crick, J. Watson, M. Wilkins Discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material
09 1954 Chemistry L.C. Pauling Research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances
08 1946 Chemistry J.B. Sumner Discovery that enzymes can be crystallized
07 1937 Physics C.J. Davisson, G. Thompson Experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals
06 1936 Chemistry P. Josephus Wilhelmus Debye Contributions to our knowledge of molecular structure through investigations on dipole moments and on the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases
05 1929 Physics L-V de Broglie Discovery of the wave nature of electrons
04 1917 Physics C. Glover Barkla Discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements
03 1915 Physics W.H. Bragg, W.L. Bragg Services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays
02 1914 Physics M.  von Laue Discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals
01 1901 Physics W.C. Röntgen Extraordinary services rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him